Yokohama bred by Stuart Sterling
In Britain the name YOKOHAMA covers all types of Japanese Longtails. The only exceptions to this are the little Ohiki and the game Satsumadori, which are classified individually. The British longtail, named after the port from which some birds were imported, was developed from a mix of several of the various Japanese breeds: Totenko, Kurokashiwa, Minohiki, Shokoku and Onagadori. Consequently there is a variety of different comb type, earlobe colour, plumage colour, leg colour etc, all accepted in Britain for over a hundred years under the all-encompassing classification ‘Yokohama’. British fanciers formed a Yokohama club in around 1904 and compiled this one very long and complex standard for what really should be several breeds. The current British standard has not greatly changed since then.
Because of that, all these Japanese breeds in the make-up of the Yokohama, are covered by the all-encompassing Yokohama standard, being indistinguishable from the numerous variations allowed within the breed. Totenko are long crowers, but that is not something on which they can be judged in British shows; and Onagadori have the potential for extreme tail length, but such tails cannot be accommodated easily in even a double length show pen.
There is nothing classified in Britain under the name ‘Phoenix’. The name is not recognized in Britain, and is not known at all in Japan. In Europe and USA the name was adopted to refer to single combed birds with white earlobes, and the name ‘Yokohama’ there now refers only to ‘red-saddled’ (shouldered)/white birds with walnut or pea combs and red earlobes. But the correct and original terminology and classification in Britain for all these types is YOKOHAMA.
Yokohama bantams were made by various German fanciers by crossing large Yokohamas with assorted bantams of appropriate colours. They have now been developed into a very typey and attractive alternative to the large fowl, following exactly the same standard. But there must be a very obvious difference between the sizes of the large fowl and bantam versions of the breed.
When exhibiting the breed, the vast majority of points are awarded for quality and quantity of tail and hackle feather. Colour is of very secondary importance.
Generally Yokohamas are good layers and a good broody breed, they can become very tame when regularly handled, are very much hardier than they appear, and look wonderfully exotic free ranging, with their tails blowing in the breeze.